Saudi Arabia is one of the leading countries in terms of defense budget size, yet much of that budget is spent abroad. To support the localization efforts of the defense sector, in September 2013, Turkey and Saudi Arabia ratified an agreement to increase defense industry co-operation by improving industry capabilities for both countries. From this agreement, a joint venture between the Turkish Armed Forces Foundation Company, Aselsan, and TAQNIA Defense and Security Technologies (DST), was established during December 2016. TAQNIA Defense and Security Technologies will build a local facility to design, develop, test, manufacture, and sell electronic warfare, radars, and electro-optic systems for military and civil applications. Saudi Arabian Defense Electronics Company (SADEC) will operate the facility and will participate in training the 1,000 Saudi engineers and technicians this facility is expected to create. TAQNIA will leverage the Communication and Information Technology Research Institute at KACST to ensure the success of this partnership.